Earthworm – gardener’s little helper


Earthworm – Gardener’s Little Helper

Overall aims:

  • Shaping the understanding of the role of earthworms in soil loosening and aeration;
  • Building the concepts of “compost”, “composter”, „fertilizer – natural versus chemical “;
  • Developing the skills of selecting biodegradable waste useful for compost;
  • Strengthening the understanding of the ecological and economic values of the composter and earthworm farming;
  • Building an attitude of responsibility for the natural environment of the garden;
  • Raising awareness of people’s cultural and linguistic diversity;

Intended learning outcomes:

The child will be able to:

  • Distinguish the earthworm from other similar creatures;
  • Explain the role of earthworms in soil loosening;
  • Explain the concepts of bio-waste, compost, composter;
  • Undertake systematic actions to reduce bio-waste in landfills (take personal responsibility for selecting bio-waste for the pre-school composter);
  • Understand and appreciate the relationship between the world of nature and human activities;
  • Recognize the word “earthworm” in a few selected languages;


Initial – discussion “What do we know about earthworms” – recognizing different types (species) of earthworms in illustrations in nature albums. Attempts to answer the question: How is the earthworm different from other creatures?

Ongoing – described in each resource

Final – designing the poster “Advertising of earthworm farming/ breeding culture”

Pathway structure

Stage I – ecological pillar

Getting to know the structure and environment of earthworms, establishing an earthworm breeding culture in a kindergarten classroom and observing their influence on loosening the soil.

Stage II – ecological and economical pillars

Understanding the mutual relations between human activity and earthworm work (between ecology and economy) – setting up a composter in a kindergarten garden. Developing the ability to systematically take care of the selection of bio-waste, useful for the production of compost. Shaping ecological sensitivity, understanding the role of natural fertilizers in the garden and the economic benefits of using them.

  • Composter and useful earthworms – Buiding the composter in a preschool garden, exploring the concept of bio-waste; shaping the ability to distinguish bio-waste generated at home and in the garden

Stage III – socio-cultural pillar

Raising awareness of people’s cultural and linguistic diversity – the use of the earthworm theme in narrative and play activities with the use of modern technologies

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