Rocks and minerals – under the magnifying glass of a geologist


Rocks and minerals – under the magnifying glass of a geologist

Overall aims:

  • Introducing the concepts: geologist, geology, rock;
  • Explaining the geological processes of formation of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks;
  • Developing the understanding of the cyclical nature of geological processes – strengthening; systemic thinking
  • Shaping the ability to construct a simple balance beam (a lever);
  • Developing integrated problem-solving skills;
  • Inspiring creative games with the use of natural materials found outdoors;
  • Shaping an attitude of respect towards the forces and beauty of nature;
  • Supporting the development of axiological reflection and normative competences.

Intended learning outcomes:

The child will be able to:

  • Explain the essence of a geologist work;
  • Name and recognize selected types of rocks;
  • Explain in his own words the geological processes of rock formation in nature;
  • List various ways of using rocks in the economy;
  • Build a simple lever using stones and a ruler;
  • Use stones in creative play;
  • Create a mandala with natural materials respecting the principle of symmetry.


Initial – Activating the prior knowledge of children – developing a concept map: Who is a geologist and what does he do in his work? What do we know about rocks? What else would we like to know?

Ongoing – described in each resource

Final (according to the teacher’s choice)

  • Summary conversation in a circle: What have we learnt about the work of a geologist?
  • Creating a cartoon story in teams:
    Team I – How are igneous rocks formed?
    Team II – How are metamorphic rocks formed?
    Team III – How are sedimentary rocks formed?
    Presentation of the stories and creation of a picture gallery wall.

Pathway structure

Stage I – socio-cultural pillar

Stones – treasures of nature. Searching for stones while walking. Using the collected specimens to study the equilibrium phenomenon – building a simple lever, the highest possible tower etc. Decorating stones using various art techniques, arranging mandalas from the treasures of nature found in a kindergarten garden or park – experiencing the phenomenon of symmetry in art.

Stage II – ecological, economical and socio-cultural pillars

From stones to rocks and minerals – geology is a fascinating field of knowledge! A magnifier, a chisel, a hammer and a scale are the tools of the geologist’s work. We try to study the stones as a geologist does: we explore their color, structure, weight and hardness. We learn about geological processes – how rocks and minerals are formed, where do they come from in nature and why are they so different? We try to remember the names of selected rocks: sandstone, granite, chalk… How many beautiful rocks has nature created! We analyze how humans use these treasures in their daily life, economy and industry.

Stage III – socio-cultural pillar

Using stones in learning, playing and philosophical activity. Playing with stones can be combined with axiological reflection – we talk about what is important, more important and the most important in our/ human life. The philosophical story about time and value management continues in play: we sort nature’s treasures according to non-standard criteria, create a stone slime and cartoon stories – what is it like to be a grain of sand from which a rock forms?

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